Affordable Smiles Tucson • Low cost tooth extractions
Do I need to have my tooth pulled?
A dental extraction (also referred to as tooth extraction, exodontia, or informally, tooth pulling) is the removal of teeth from the dental alveolus (socket) in the alveolar bone. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decay, periodontal disease, or dental trauma, especially when they are associated with a toothache. Tooth extractions are performed by general dentists, oral surgeons, and periodontists. General dentists are able to perform many tooth extractions, however there are cases when the extraction is complex and a referral to an oral surgeon is required.
Situations when you may need to have a tooth pulled
Tooth is irreparable due to severe decay
If tooth decay reaches the pulp (center of the tooth), the bacteria produced by the decay can invade the pulp and cause an infection. Root canal therapy can be performed to help treat the infection, however, there are instances where the infection is severe and an extraction is performed to prevent the infection from spreading.
Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease), is an infection of the gums, periodontal ligaments, alveolar bone and other structures surrounding the teeth. Severe periodontal disease affects the periodontal ligaments and the alveolar bone. In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out.
Extracting an impacted tooth
A tooth is impacted when it is blocked or partially blocked from coming out. The most common impacted tooth would be an impacted wisdom tooth. Extracting an impacted tooth can prevent it from damaging other teeth. It can also help lower the risk of infection and overcrowding.
Extraction of one or several teeth may be needed to eliminate the overcrowding. This is common when patient is undergoing orthodontic treatment. There may be no room for the teeth to move and realign, so extraction solves the issue allowing for extra room in the mouth for the realignment.
There are 2 types of tooth extractions
Simple extractions are usually performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth and is usually done under local anesthesia.
However, a simple tooth extraction might end up as complex one if, for example, a decayed tooth is being pulled out but it cracks and part of the root is left in the jaw.
Surgical extraction procedures are performed when the tooth cannot be easily accessed. This happens when the tooth has not fully erupted or when the tooth has been broken under the gumline. A tooth may also have a root that has an unusual shape or curve. This can complicate an extraction, making it necessary to take out the tooth in pieces and/or remove some bone to get all of the tooth.