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Teeth Cleaning

Professional teeth cleaning is an excellent way to maintain your dental health

Most dentists recommend having your teeth professionally cleaned every 6-12 months to reduce the likelihood of periodontal disease progressing. In between routine cleanings, good oral hygiene at home is vital to prevent tarter build-up and gum disease. A professional cleaning will remove plaque, tarter and stains that have accumulated on the teeth. Even with routine brushing and flossing of your teeth and gums, tarter can develop. The professional cleaning of teeth is a crucial part of good oral hygiene and is needed periodically to maintain the health of your teeth and gums.

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A Few of the reasons for teeth cleanings

  • To prevent diseases in the rest of the body
  • To prevent tooth loss
  • To keep teeth as free as possible of tartar and debris, which act as a harbor for harmful bacteria

Understanding Gum Disease

Have you ever cut your hand and it has swelled up? The same thing happens to gums that are inflamed by the buildup of tartar, even more so than swelling in other parts of the body because gums have an incredibly rich blood supply. In the early stage of gingivitis, bacteria in plaque and tartar build up, causing the gums to become inflamed and to easily bleed during tooth brushing, flossing or even just while eating. Although the gums may be irritated, the teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets. No irreversible bone or other tissue damage has occurred at this stage.

If the gingivitis progresses or is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis. In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gum and / or bone begins to melt away from the teeth and form pockets. These small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and can become infected. The body's immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque and tartar spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins or poisons, produced by the bacteria in plaque as well as the body's "good" enzymes involved in fighting infections, start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. When this happens, teeth are no longer anchored in place, they become loose, and tooth loss can eventually occur.

Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.

According to Harvard medical school (Harvard Heart Letter; Mar. 2018)), "People with gum disease have two to three times the risk of having a heart attack, stroke or other serious cardiovascular event." Other factors may also be involved, but "...there's a growing suspicion that gum disease may be an independent risk factor for heart disease."

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What is a pocket reading?

Where the gum and the tooth meet isn’t actually where they attach — they are attached further down. This creates a small pocket, which you can picture like a moat all the way around your tooth. The size of this little pocket can change in two ways: At the bottom of the pocket are ligaments that hold the gum and tooth together. These ligaments are eaten away by the enzyme produced by the body produces when the body feels it’s under attack (collagenase). This makes the pocket deeper. The top flap of the pocket can grow in size due to inflammation. Pockets can get deeper from the top or the bottom, when this happens it is not good for your teeth or health.